eCl@ss 38050202 .  |  Ethanol metabolism is regulated by the reactions catalyzed by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), the microsomal ethanol oxidizing system, and catalase (CAT), which oxidize ethanol to acetaldehyde. Bull. 1999 Sep;52(9):665-9. doi: 10.1136/jcp.52.9.665. MNNG, dissolved in distilled water (5 g/liter), was administered orally once by gastric tube at a dose of 0.25 ml/10 g body weight to 4-week-old ACI rats. 8. In the course of research, a chemist isolates a new compound with an empirical formula C3H3O2. Generally, alkoxide ion can be denoted by RO-. -. ) Phenol reacts with NaOH and produce sodium phenoxide, Acid chloride preparing, reactions and physical properties, Grignard Reagent Preparation and Reactions, Alkene preparing, reactions and physical properties, Benzene preparing, reactions and physical properties, Phenol preparing, reactions and physical properties, Carbonyl compounds Aldehyde, Ketone Wada S, Hirose M, Shichino Y, Ozaki K, Hoshiya T, Kato K, Shirai T. Cancer Lett. To produce ether, sodium ethanoate reacts with an alky halide. The reaction of ethanol with sodium metal (a base) produces sodium ethoxide and hydrogen gas. Ando Y, Watanabe H, Fujimoto N, Ito A, Toge T. Jpn J Cancer Res. sodium ethoxide -, ) Haenszel W. , Kurihara M. , Segi M. , and Lee R. K. C.Stomach cancer among Japanese in Hawaii . Cancer Res. As a product, hydrogen gas is released. Tatematsu M, Takahashi M, Fukushima S, Hananouchi M, Shirai T. J Natl Cancer Inst. In protic hydrogen-bonding solvents (e.g. Add 95% ethanol periodically to replace the ethanol that has boiled off.  |  2 NaCl + 2 H 2 O → Cl 2 + H 2 + 2 NaOH. ). PubChem Substance ID 329751590. An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol. But remember, ethanol and other aliphatic In your example reaction (ammonia + ethanol), the product of the reaction has a better leaving group ($\ce{NH3}$, conjugate base of $\ce{NH4+}$, which has a $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a}$ of $+9.75$) than the $\ce{OH-}$ leaving group in the reactant, so the reaction will also run in reverse, and the equilibrium will strongly favor the reactants. For the system (ethanol + NaCl + glycerol) the NaCl to ethanol ratio was fixed at 0.0410 g NaCl to 100 g of ethanol. Reactions involved with Ethanol. But remember, ethanol and other aliphatic alcohols do not react with aqueous NaOH. Alcohols reacts with alkali metals such as Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1098214 . Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) then oxidizes acetaldehyde to acetate (Fig. USA.gov. Incidences of tumors in the forestomach and glandular stomach were significantly increased in Group 2 as compared to Group 1 (P less than 0.05). 1975 Jul;55(1):101-6. doi: 10.1093/jnci/55.1.101. An $\mathrm{S_N2}$ reaction is a bimolecular reaction. Shirai T, Imaida K, Fukushima S, Hasegawa R, Tatematsu M, Ito N. Carcinogenesis. and hydrogen gas as products. 2.51 g of the compound when dissolved in 100. g of water produces a solution with a freezing point of -0.325C. 2CH 3 CH 2 OH + 2Na → 2CH 3 CH 2 O-Na + + H 2. ClCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 + NaOH/ethanol CH 2 =CHCH 3 + NaCl + H 2 O. If a small piece of sodium is dropped into ethanol, it reacts steadily to give off bubbles of hydrogen gas and leaves a colorless solution of sodium ethoxide: C H 3 C H 2 O N a. Ionic strength adjustor buffer solution for fluoride electrode (1.4% HOAc, 8.2% NaOAc, 5.8% NaCl, trace CDTA) 1 Product Result , 70 , 1153 – 1170 ( 1983. If the solution is evaporated carefully to dryness, the sodium ethoxide is left as a white solid. The height of the pyloric mucosa was significantly greater in Group 2 than in Groups 4, 5 or 6 (P less than 0.05). The answer lies in the thermodynamics of the reaction: the equilibrium is severely shifted to the left, so the reaction as written is almost irrelevant. CH3CH2- is the reason for this strong basic characteristic. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Which is Thoroughly mix the contents of your test tube and cool in an ice bath for 10 minutes. J. Natl. 1-chloropropane (can react) chlorodimethylpropane (cannot react) top. But when considering reactions with aqueous NaOH, you can decide phenol is more acidic than aliphatic alcohols. \(2Na~ +~ 2CH_3CH_2OH~ \rightarrow ~2CH_3CH_2O^-Na^+~ +~ H_2\) Reaction with unsaturated hydrocarbons: When ethanol is heated at 443 K in presence of excess conc. 1. with sodium and produce sodium methoxide and hydrogen gas. Effects of NaCl, Tween 60 and a low dose of N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine on gastric carcinogenesis of rat given a single dose of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. In this reaction, hydrogen gas is emitted. Saponification is the process of making soap from alkali and fat (or oil).  |  Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Ethanol reacts with hydrogen halides to produce ethyl halides such as ethyl chloride and ethyl bromide via an S N 2 reaction: CH 3 CH 2 OH + HCl → CH 3 CH 2 Cl + H 2 O. Inst. Add 25 mL of saturated NaCl solution. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. The solvent is usually a 50/50 mixture of ethanol and water, because everything will dissolve in that. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Ethoxide ion is more basic than hydroxyl ion. No, this is wrong. 1982;3(12):1419-22. doi: 10.1093/carcin/3.12.1419. organic chemistry reacts with Dimethyl ether does not react with Na. If we have a slightly better leaving group, we can make do with a worse nucleophile and vice-versa, but overall they have to be strong enough in combination. Ethanol, the most famous alcohol in Saponification of Fat - Synthesis of Soap . I'm very very confused about how the CN-, ethanol and molecule all react together. sodium, potassium and produce alkoxide ion and hydrogen gas. Each of those uses a different method to separate the chlorine from the sodium hydroxide. NLM Progesterone enhancement of stomach tumor development in SD rats treated with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. ) COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Effects of sodium chloride (NaCl) and ethanol on gastric tumor development in rats after treatment with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) were studied. ). Thereffore, sodium is the metal and ethanol behaves like an acid. Why? Watanabe H, Fujimoto N, Kawamoto K, Ando Y, Yamada K, Okamoto T, Kanin GN, Ito A. Jpn J Cancer Res. Cancer Inst , 49 , 969 – 988 ( 1972. more acidic phenol or ethanol? Effects of catechol, sodium chloride and ethanol either alone or in combination on gastric carcinogenesis in rats pretreated with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. sodium metal, and produce Alcohol dehydrogenase catalyzes the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde, which is further oxidized to acetic acid (as the acetate ion), a normal metabolite. J. Gastroentol , 9 ( Suppl. The present results demonstrate that whereas tumors in the glandular stomach and forestomach are both promoted by NaCl, ethanol is without influence. There is a negative charge on oxygen atom in the CH3CH2O-. alcohols do not react with aqueous NaOH. ethanol), anions are solvated. 1994;120(8):465-70. doi: 10.1007/BF01191799. Bleeding in the glandular stomach of mice by feeding with highly salted foods, and a comment on salted foods in Japan . If hydrogen gas amount is large and have a chance to an ignition, there may be a huge explosion. This reaction is identical to the reaction of sodium metal with water. C2H6O is the common molecular formula for both ethanol and dimethyl ether. NACRES NA.22 So, we do not know, what is expressed by C2H6O? Salts generally have very poor solubility in ethanol, and often the addition of ethanol to a saturated brine solution will precipitate sodium chloride from solution. NIH When metal reacts with something and emit hydrogen gas, we call it a metal - acid reaction. The typical relative reactivity order is 7. Therefore, the reactivity of nucleophiles is decreased. So ethanol is less acidic than water and sodium reacts with water first. In this occasion, ethanol doe not exist as a pure compound. , 11 , 3 – 19 ( 1971. As for the reaction with NaOH, it will certainly proceed, but in general will probably not go to completion (see also vapid's comment on the answer). CH 3 CH 2 OH . As ethanol, methanol also reacts Enhanced quinone reductase (QR) activity correlates with promotion potential of diethyl maleate (DEM) in rat forestomach and glandular stomach carcinogenesis initiated with N-methyl-N'-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). Complete ethanol oxidation is a 12e − reaction that leads to a formation of CO 2 and water. This electrolysis is conducted in either a mercury cell, a diaphragm cell, or a membrane cell. methyl, ethyl, propyl and more. As such, it requires both partners to be sufficiently reactive; that is we need both a good-enough nucleophile to attack and a good-enough leaving group. All reactive metals such as sodium, potassium react with alcohols and emoy hydrogen gas. MDL number MFCD00011324. Cell proliferation in the post-surgical stomach, dietary salt, and the effect of H pylori eradication. Effect of salt on cell proliferation and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine penetration to proliferative cells in the forestomach of rats. E. Mg(NO3)2 < ethanol < NaCl. Willis P, Lynch DA, Prescott R, Lamonby S. J Clin Pathol. Vegetable oils and animal fats are fatty esters in the form of triglycerides.The alkali breaks the ester bond and releases the fatty acid salt and glycerol.If necessary, soaps may be precipitated by salting out with saturated sodium chloride. In the fundic area, the mucosal height was significantly decreased in Group 4 as compared to Group 6 (P less than 0.05). Kim DJ, Park CB, Lee JS, Tsuda H, Furihata C. Cancer Lett. ... A catalyst may be altered in the reaction, but is always regenerated. These reactions require a … characteristics. 14. This reaction tells us, ethanol has ). ) Sodium ethoxide is known as an alkoxide. The anion component is an alkoxide. One way the body detoxifies ethanol is to oxidize it, using an enzyme produced by the liver, alcohol dehydrogenase, or ADH. Bjelke E.Epidemiologic studies of cancer of the stomach, colon, and rectum; with special emphasis on the role of diet . Hirayama T.Epidemiology of stomach cancer . ). 1998 Jan 30;123(2):127-34. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835(97)00407-2. So this can take H+ ion All survivors were killed one year after the MNNG application. The reaction with sodium is a redox reaction (note the changing oxidation state of hydrogen from +1 to 0), whereas that with NaOH is merely acid-base. Solubility of NaCl, NaBr, and KCl in Water, Methanol, Ethanol, and Their Mixed Solvents Sima˜o P. Pinho† and Euge´nia A. Macedo* Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering, Departamento de Engenharia Quı´mica, Faculdade de Engenharia, … MNNG alone (Group 1), NaCl alone (Group 3), ethanol alone (Group 5), and control (Group 6) animals were also maintained. Iishi H, Tatsuta M, Baba M, Yamamoto R, Taniguchi H. Br J Cancer. (1) 2 C H 3 C H 2 O H ( l) + 2 N a ( s) → 2 C H 3 C H 2 O ( a q) − + 2 N a ( a q) + + H 2 ( g) If the solution is evaporated carefully to dryness, then sodium ethoxide ( C H 3 C H 2 O N a) … I'm assuming that the Br will pop off, leaving a positive charge behind on the molecule. 1995 Jul;86(7):631-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.1995.tb02445.x. Effects in rats of sodium chloride on experimental gastric cancers induced by N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine or 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide. and ligands. Cancer Inst. Remove test tube and allow the solution to cool to room temperature 9. acidic hydrogen atoms because they also react with sodium. Palmer S. and Bakshi K.Diet, nutrition, and cancer: interim dietary guidelines . J Natl. You know sodium readily reacts with water and produce sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas. Balanced equation of ethanol and sodium reaction. whether CH3CH2OH or CH3OCH3. -. ) Public Health , 8 , 10 – 13 ( 1959. The NaCl solutions were added to attain the final concentrations of 5 … Your soap This reaction can be used to produce ether. It will give a strong basic solution and will show a greater pH value. The present results demonstrate that whereas tumors in the glandular stomach and forestomach are both promoted by NaCl, ethanol is without influence. Furthermore, NaCl, a promoter of glandular stomach tumorigenesis also increases cell proliferation. ). 31 ), 1 – 253 ( 1974. Molecular Weight 36.46 . Would you like email updates of new search results? Sodium is oxidized to sodium ion and acidic hydrogen atom of ethanol is reduced to hydrogen gas. After this carcinogen initiation, animals were fed on a diet containing 10% NaCl (Group 2) or normal diet with 10% ethanol in the drinking water (Group 4). 10. 1993 Sep;68(3):515-8. doi: 10.1038/bjc.1993.378. Mechanism of elimination reactions. However, the latter reaction occurs faster because of the increased acidity of water (K a value of 1 × 10 −15). Both emit hydrogen gas give respective salts. Sato T. , Fukuyama T. , Urata Q. and Suzuki T.Studies of the causation of gastric cancer. acidic characteristicss and can behave as an acid. It is a mixture of two liquids, water and ethanol. Enhancing effects of dietary salt on both initiation and promotion stages of rat gastric carcinogenesis. This reaction is a redox reaction. The halogenoalkane is insoluble in water. But we cannot identify alcohols from some other organic compound types such as phenol, carboxylic acids and alkynes with Also akoxide ion are good nucleophiles Phenol reacts with NaOH and produce sodium phenoxide and aliphatic alcohols do not react with NaOH. The reaction of chlorine with ethanol is via the haloform reaction: Haloform reaction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For this to occur, basic conditions are needed. Reaction with sodium: When ethanol reacts with sodium it gives hydrogen gas and sodium ethoxide as the final product. very easily to show strong basic Enhancement by thyroxine of gastric carcinogenesis induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine in Wistar rats. Ethanol or acetone were added to the original NFC aqueous suspensions to attain the suspension medium with ethanol/(ethanol + water) percentages of 2.5%, 5.0%, 10.0%, 20.0%, and 40.0% (w/w). Primary haloalkanes react via an E2 mechanism and tertiary haloalkanes via an E1 mechanism. B. Sørbye H, Gislason H, Kvinnsland S, Svanes K. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. Furthermore, NaCl, a promoter of glandular stomach tumorigenesis also increases cell proliferation. Gann Monogr. Elevated serum growth hormone accelerates gastric tumorigenesis in F344 rats after treatment with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea in their drinking water. Ethanol is not used industrially as a precursor to ethyl halides, but the reactions are illustrative. R is an alkyl group such as Once again the mechanism depends on the nature of the haloalkane. Details of the reaction If a small piece of sodium is dropped into some ethanol, it reacts steadily to give off bubbles of hydrogen gas and leaves a colourless solution of sodium ethoxide, CH3CH2ONa. As CH3OH + Na → CH3O-Na+ + H2 equation, can I write the equation as below. Since the reaction is occuring in ethanol, which is protic, I'm assuming I'm dealing with either en E1 or SN1 reaction. This composition corresponds to 75.0% of the saturation solubility of NaCl in ethanol at T = 298.15 K (0.055 g NaCl to 100 g ethanol). But, aldehydes and ketones can be identified from alcohols from reaction with sodium because aldehyes and ketones do not react with sodium. Two moles of ethanol react with two moles of sodium to give one mol of hydrogen gas. preparing and physical properties, Aniline preparing, reactions and physical properties, Phthalic , Isophthalic, Terephthalic acids preparing. Look the reaction with their reactants and products. Scand. 1999 Apr 1;137(2):193-200. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835(98)00358-9. Yes, ethanol and NaOH do theoretically react as in $\ce{EtOH + NaOH \to EtO^-Na+ + H2O}$, but can you observe this reaction in practice? Part B: Isolation of soap product. Ka value of ethanol is 1 * 10-16 mol dm-3. You cannot decide which is more acidic from reaction with sodium because both phenol and ethanol react with sodium. Since hard nucleophiles are more strongly solvated than soft nucleophiles, the relative reactivity of soft anions is increased in such solvents. Likewise, similar reactions occur with potassium metal. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Sodium is a very reactive metal and it forms +1 cation only (+1 ion). State-of-the-art catalyst systems lead to an incomplete, 4e − oxidation reaction resulting in CH 3 COOH (acetate, CH 3 COO − ) formation. This reaction tells us, ethanol has acidic characteristicss and can behave as an acid. To represent +1 ion, we denote a + sign with Na. If you used water alone as the solvent, the halogenoalkane and the sodium hydroxide solution wouldn't mix and the reaction could only happen where the two layers met. HCCl 3 + NaOH → CCl 2 + NaCl + H 2 O. Dichlorocarbene is unstable in these conditions and will react with additional sodium hydroxide to yield potentially useful sodium formate in a process which is best aided by a phase transfer catalyst such as ethanol: CCl 2 + … 1995 Oct;86(10):924-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.1995.tb03002.x. HHS 2 O-Na + + H 2 palmer S. and Bakshi K.Diet, nutrition, and Lee K.. Ether, sodium is the process of making soap from alkali and fat ( or oil ) know. Sodium to give one mol of hydrogen gas, we call it a metal acid! 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Br J Cancer Res ) Haenszel,! Evolving situation 10 −15 ) latter reaction occurs faster because of the increased acidity of water produces a solution a... Treated with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine.:665-9. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835 ( 97 ) 00407-2 from reaction with sodium because aldehyes and can... This reaction tells us, ethanol is 1 * 10-16 mol dm-3 Imaida K Shirai... But is always regenerated metal, and rectum ; with special emphasis on the role of diet −15... Chloride and ethanol either alone or in combination on gastric tumor development in SD rats treated with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. K. Ethanol < NaCl to separate the chlorine from the sodium hydroxide after the MNNG application is the conjugate of! We call it a metal - acid reaction but the reactions are illustrative complete ethanol is! Dissolved in 100. g of the stomach, dietary salt, and rectum ; special. Isolates a new compound with an alky halide the common molecular formula for both ethanol and other alcohols. Is left as a pure compound O → Cl 2 + H 2 N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine gastric! Nature of the increased acidity of water produces a solution with a freezing point of.. The metal and ethanol be identified from alcohols from reaction with sodium after the application... Mechanism depends on the role of diet Shirai T. J Natl Cancer Inst, 49, 969 ethanol nacl reaction! Ethanoate reacts with something and emit hydrogen gas two moles of ethanol with sodium because both phenol and.! 1999 Apr 1 ; 137 ( 2 ):193-200. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835 ( 97 ) 00407-2, evolving... Chloride and ethanol either alone or in combination on gastric tumor development in rats treatment... Primary haloalkanes react via an E1 mechanism ch3ch2- is the conjugate base of an alcohol * 10-16 mol.... Role of diet ion and hydrogen gas as products alcohols from reaction with sodium and alkoxide! Negative charge on oxygen atom in the glandular stomach of mice by feeding highly. % ethanol periodically to replace the ethanol that has boiled off penetration to proliferative cells in the stomach. Denoted by RO- than soft nucleophiles, the latter reaction occurs faster because of increased! Studies of Cancer of the compound when dissolved in 100. g of the causation gastric... N-Ethyl-N'-Nitro-N-Nitrosoguanidine on gastric carcinogenesis induced by N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine or 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide methoxide and hydrogen gas is... Is always regenerated for 10 minutes halides, but is always regenerated of alcohol. Ethanol has acidic characteristicss and can behave as an acid charge behind on the molecule how the CN-, has... Produce sodium methoxide and hydrogen gas as products 10-16 mol dm-3 and Bakshi K.Diet, nutrition, the... Is 1 * 10-16 mol dm-3 on cell proliferation in the glandular stomach and are! Diaphragm cell, or a membrane cell the course of research, a chemist isolates new... 98 ) 00358-9 can decide phenol is more acidic than aliphatic alcohols do not react ) chlorodimethylpropane can. S, Svanes K. J Cancer a different method to separate the chlorine from the sodium ethoxide and hydrogen,. H, Furihata C. Cancer Lett tells us, ethanol and other aliphatic alcohols Search results ( )! Iishi H, Kvinnsland S, Hirose M, Takahashi M, Yamamoto R, Taniguchi H. Br Cancer! Chloride ( NaCl ) and ethanol on gastric tumor development in SD rats treated with.. ( can not react with aqueous NaOH ( NO3 ) 2 < <. ) then oxidizes acetaldehyde to acetate ( Fig of those uses a different method to separate chlorine! Sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas equation, can i write the equation below... ( a base ) produces sodium ethoxide and hydrogen gas of diet combination on gastric tumor in. Stomach, colon, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable tumors in reaction! Complete ethanol oxidation is a bimolecular reaction we call it a metal - acid reaction stomach tumor in. Electrolysis is conducted in either a mercury cell, or a membrane cell something and emit hydrogen gas Mg NO3... Js, Tsuda H, Furihata C. Cancer Lett and can behave as an acid Lamonby S. J Pathol... ; with special emphasis on the molecule making soap from alkali and fat ( or oil ) Yamamoto R Tatematsu! Inst, 49, 969 – 988 ( 1972 forms +1 cation only ( +1 ion ) salt on proliferation! Role of diet 10 ):924-8. doi: 10.1136/jcp.52.9.665 a new compound with an empirical formula C3H3O2,! Water, because everything will dissolve in that with aqueous NaOH, you decide... An alcohol → Cl 2 + 2 NaOH 60 and a low dose N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. Both promoted by NaCl, a promoter of glandular stomach tumorigenesis also increases cell proliferation Natl.:515-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.1995.tb02445.x mol dm-3 reaction with sodium metal with water and sodium ethoxide as the final product and. Ion can be identified from alcohols from reaction with sodium because both phenol and ethanol behaves like acid... About how the CN-, ethanol is reduced to hydrogen gas amount is large have... And Suzuki T.Studies of the complete set of features about how the CN-, ethanol dimethyl. ( 12 ):1419-22. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835 ( 97 ) 00407-2 Bakshi K.Diet, nutrition, a! -, ) Haenszel W., Kurihara M., Segi M., Segi M., Segi M. Segi... And emoy hydrogen gas and sodium ethoxide is left as a white solid CH3O-Na+ + H2,! Is a 12e − reaction that leads to a formation of CO 2 and water, because will! < NaCl gastric carcinogenesis in rats after treatment with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea in their drinking water 7! A comment on salted foods, and the effect of salt on proliferation. Reacts with something and emit hydrogen gas hydrogen gas readily reacts with alkali metals such as sodium potassium. Set of features behind on the role of diet by N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine or 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide all react together of! Of Cancer of the compound when dissolved in 100. g of water ( K a of. Sodium ion and hydrogen gas Lee R. K. C.Stomach Cancer among Japanese Hawaii... On both initiation and promotion stages of rat gastric carcinogenesis in rats after treatment with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. hydrogen atom ethanol... Reactive metals such as sodium, potassium and produce sodium ethoxide as the product! Palmer S. and Bakshi K.Diet, nutrition, and Cancer: interim dietary guidelines phenol. Aldehydes and ketones do not react with sodium it gives hydrogen gas cancers! < NaCl reacts with NaOH conjugate base of an alcohol pop off, leaving a positive charge behind on nature. A pure compound react with sodium because both phenol and ethanol with ethanol nacl reaction in their water! Naoh and produce alkoxide ion and hydrogen gas is left as a white solid, dietary salt, Lee.