It is against this background that some communities desirous of having formal education took it upon themselves and established basic schools, willingly recruited teachers and contributed to support them with the resources needed for their work including remuneration. Conclusion. Drawing on theory and research, the text stresses the generation of … The school officials run the school while the Community look on. All of these schools believe that each of their students can and will succeed, and that it is their job to help … This includes; 30 head teachers drawn from 30 schools out of a total of 150 basic schools in the district, 30 assembly members of the communities where these schools are located and 10 circuit supervisors supervising these schools. To identify the causes of the lack of improved relationship between the school and community. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. the process of observation is largely left up to the observer. Appendix 1. As the process continued these schools were later absorbed into the public school system. The researcher will employ the use of literature review in conducting this study since it will provide an understanding of the phenomenon of improved school-community relationship. Certainly, tables and graphs are useful tools of presentation in qualitative research, but the structure of presentation does not seem to adhere to any strict rules and procedures. Members of the community are empowered and energised. All of this is achieved despite the fact that so many of their students come from low income families and is clearly against the trends shown for lower decile schools. A combination of both models is also possible (sarantakos, 2005:344), For the purpose of this research, data analysis will be done both, during and after data collection. The researcher will employ tape recordings during the interview process to record the intercourse that occurs between the interviewer and interviewee. Locate methodologies previously used to conduct studies in phenomenon similar to this study and to identify contrary findings (Mcmillan, 1992: 44). In line with Maykut and Morehouse (1994: 135), the following data analysis steps will be adopted for the study; Recording the interview conducted, making a reflection of the process, and carrying out further observations and writing notes, comments, as well as memos. To identify the roles both the school and the community can play towards promoting an improved school-community relationship. In a number of cases, analysis during data collection serves to guide research in the right direction, and to facilitate a more effective treatment and coverage of the research topic. Other Web Links. It is pertinent for both the … The school, similar to other facilities such as the community market, community borehole, is situated in the community belonging to the entire community members. Finally, we found that, overall, state initiatives matter. Police Departments that value community relationships often strive hard to ensure no official misconduct occurs within the department (United States Department of Justice, 2010). It is the degree of understanding and goodwill, which exists between It serves as a guideline to the researcher on what to say, as the interview commences and ends. They indicate the presence of a concept which the researcher develops, at first provisionally and then with more confidence. These schools are places of learning for all members of the community: trustees, principals, senior leaders, teachers, parents, whānau, but above all for students. Reading through the data that has been transcribed and stating clearly in writing, the meaning of the transcribed data. You probably know that it's important to have healthy relationships with family and friends. The municipality/city officials are likewise ready to provide help in improving the physical facilities of the school.
22. c. States, for all the variability in their approaches to policy making, are firmly focused on standards and accountability. The data analysis will involve the use of coding, transcribing tape recording, and decoding the data transcribed. Therefore, school community relationship is very necessary for the survival, continuity and progress of both the school and the community. KEYWORDS: literature review education school community relations parents administrators teachers. It is very necessary that in all communities, both the community and the school operate closely and co-operate with each other as the ownership and management of the school is gradually becoming community-based, a situation in which the head teacher and the circuit supervisor should see the members of the community as partners in the educational development of the child. The researcher will be part of the group discussion and moderating the process as well to keep the discussion on track. For the purpose of data collection, the researcher will use the following tools; Interview Guide, Field Notes, and Recording. They found there is a positive and convincing relationship between family and community involvement and improved student A major data analysis instrument that will be employed in this study is concepts and indicators. For the purpose of this study, the researcher will promote flexibility by allowing the respondents to explain issues in their own words and language. The district has 150 basic schools (Tolon/Kumbungu District Profile, 2004). The tapes can be listened to as many times as required, using more then one observer if desired, and this produces more accurate and more valid records (Sarandakos, 2005:229). Computers can be, and are being used in qualitative research in the context of both pure qualitative research, where analysis is done the traditional way, and the so-called “enriched” qualitative research (contrad and Reinharz, 1984; Fielding and Lee, 1998; Fisher, 1997, Richards, 1986; Richards and Richards, 1987,1994; Weitzman and Miles, 1994). Students are the heart of the school. A two-way communication process involves giving information to the community, as … Though semi-structured interview will be used, the interview guide will still be used to keep the interviewer and interviewee on focus. This will be transcribed later. One could imagine then that it would take a community to raise a school. The significance of this relationship includes: The motivation of the school to function with the interest of the wholesome development of the society. Again Robson (1993;231) states that, when using semi-structured method, the interviewer has the advantage of being able to modify the order of questions based upon the context of the conversation, change the wording of the question, give explanations and can avoid particular questions that appear inappropriate with a particular interviewee. (Mcmillan and Schumacher, 1993; 378). We need to work as a community to nurture our schools for our particular community needs. No one aspect makes them succeed, they are a sum of all their parts. The school community relationship helps in calculating desirable social ideals in the students. This approach will be used to promote brainstorming and debate among the participants on key issues affecting school-community relationship in the district. Community is a part of the society and education is the counterpart of both the above mentioned elements. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The district covers a land area of 2,741 square kilometers and forms about 3.9% of the total land area of Northern Region. (sarantakos, 2005:230). quality of education continues to fall in the district as reflected in the BECE results released by WAEC year after year. Tape recordings are easier and certainly more efficient. What roles can both the school and the community play towards promoting an improved school-community relationship? According to Strauss and Corbin (1990), qualitative research is a type of research whose findings are neither arrived at by means of statistical procedures nor quantitative means. This method has been chosen for use for a number of good reasons. (Addae-Boahene et.al,2001). (sarantakos,2005). Keep reading to learn more about: Bridging the Gap Between Diverse Cultures. In this; textbooks, published papers, newspaper publications, containing subjects related to the research problem will be reviewed. In conclusion the school and the community rely on each other for mutual benefit. The community therefore has a role to play in shaping the policies and finances of the school just as the school in turn must function to meet the social needs of the community by turning out a literate population and transmitting culture of the community to the youth. The district is characterized by high illiteracy rate, coupled with low enrolment rates and high drop-out rate in schools. Senior leaders in the school make extensive use of the student management system’s capabilities to suit their needs. Analysis will be done by thoroughly examining the field notes of what will be observed by the researcher and the responses of every participant that will be interviewed. Furthermore, the researcher will be able to gain first hand information from the people involved including head teacher/teachers, School Management Committees(SMCs), Parent Teacher Association(PTA), circuit supervisors, chiefs and assembly members, on their knowledge regarding the lack of improved school-community relationship in the district, why there is lack of improved relationship between the school and the community, the role they can play to improve the relationship, and the strategies to put in place to promote and sustain improved school-community relationship. No plagiarism, guaranteed! *You can also browse our support articles here >. As this article has shown, children continue to grow and to change in amazing ways as they move from toddlerhood to school-age. New York: Hill and Wang. This has contributed to less community involvement and commitment in the quality management of education in Ghana and the Tolon/Kumbungu District of Northern Region in particular. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. It is regarded as a checklist of topics to be covered by Dooley (1990:288), and it includes reminders of researchers interest arranged in an orderly manner to promote intercourse. All of these schools believe that each of their students can and will succeed, and that it is their job to help them to do so; no matter what challenges may present themselves, there is a way. For the attainment of quality education, there is the need for the community in which the school is situated to work in collaboration and harmony with the school not only in the upbringing and welfare of the pupils but must go beyond that to offer support in the provision and maintenance of the school infrastructure as well as playing a critical supporting role in the effective management and administration of the school. APA Style. Conclusion. All of these schools are effectively keeping students at school and engaged in their learning. Each community is built on a foundation of care; respectful and truly caring relationships exist between the members of the school. These schools have an unswerving focus on each student’s learning and hence to improving their outcomes. Finally, the study of focus group can generate diversity and, differences either within or between groups, and so reveal…….. the dilemmatic nature of everyday, arguments; (Lunt and Livingstone, 1996:96). The researcher acknowledges that the problem under study may be prevailing in other districts in the Northern Region; however the study will be limited to the Tolon/Kumbungu District of the Northern Region because there is high illiteracy rate in the district, coupled with low enrolment and high drop-out rates in the schools. The school officials actively participate in community projects such as literacy assistance project for out-of-school children and house campaign for healthful practice.
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